Bonomi, Ivanoe

(1873–1951)
   Born in Mantua (Lombardy), Ivanoe Bonomi was one of the most important early theorists of the nascent Partito Socialista Italiano/Italian Socialist Party (PSI). He contributed to Filippo Turati’s influential magazine, Critica sociale, from 1895 onward, briefly edited the party newspaper Avanti!, and in 1907 published a controversial book, Le vie nuove del socialismo (The New Roads of Socialism), in which he argued that the workers’ movement needed to reject Marxist dogma and concentrate on winning social reforms by adhering to British-style laborism—a position that found little support in the increasingly revolutionary PSI. Bonomi, who was elected to Parliament in 1909, was expelled from the PSI in 1912 along with others of the party’s moderates. Together with Leonida Bissolati, Bonomi founded the Partito Socialista Riformista Italiano/Italian Reformist Socialist Party (PSRI), but it never obtained a mass following.
   Bonomi supported the war and saw combat as a junior officer. In 1916, he became minister for public works in the government of Paolo Boselliand later became minister of war. Bonomi was himself prime minister between July 1921 and February 1922. His attitude toward the growing Fascist threat was somewhat equivocal. During the elections of May 1921, he joined Giovanni Giolittias a candidate for the blocco nazionale. As prime minister, he did little to obstruct the outrages committed by the Fascist squads. During the Fascist epoch, Bonomi eked out a precarious living as a writer of history books, the most important of which, La politica italiana da Porta Pia a Vittorio Veneto (Italian Politics from Porto Pia to Vittorio Veneto, 1943), later became a widely used school textbook. In June 1944 he returned to political activity as the figurehead premier of the provisional government containing all the leading democratic forces in Allied-controlled Italy. His popularity with the British enabled him to survive a government crisis in November– December 1944, but after the end of the conflict in May 1945, the partisans of northern Italy would not accept his continuation in office. When he resigned, his place was taken by Ferruccio Parri of the Partito d’Azione/Action Party (PdA).
   Bonomi fought the June 1946 elections in the company of Benedetto Croce, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, and Francesco Nitti as the leader of the Unione Democratica Nazionale/National Democratic Union (UDN), but these remnants of prefascist Italy fared poorly at the polls, obtaining less than 7 percent of the vote. One last institutional burden awaited him: a member of the new Italian Senate by right, he was elected by his fellow senators to be president of the first elected Senate in Italian history in May 1948 and remained in that position until his death in 1951.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bonomi, Ivanoe — ▪ prime minister of Italy born October 18, 1873, Mantua, Italy died April 20, 1951, Rome  statesman who served terms as Italian prime minister before and after the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini and who led the anti Fascist movement during… …   Universalium

  • Bonomi, Ivanoe — ► (1873 1951) Político italiano. Fue presidente del gobierno en dos ocasiones (1921 y 1944) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bonomi — Bonomi, Ivanoe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ivanoe Bonomi — (* 18. Oktober 1873 in Mantua; † 20. April 1951 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker. Bonomi studierte zunächst Naturwissenschaften (Abschluss 1896) und anschließend Rechtswissenschaften (1900). Er schrieb sich im Jahre 1893 in d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BONOMI (I.) — BONOMI IVANOE (1873 1951) Homme d’État italien dont la carrière, comme celle de son contemporain Orlando, se partage en deux grands moments séparés par la longue parenthèse du fascisme. Devenu journaliste socialiste, Ivanoe Bonomi milite, aux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ivanoe Bonomi — (Mantua, 18 de octubre de 1873 † Roma, 20 de abril de 1951). Político italiano. Integrado en el socialismo revisionista, fue presidente del consejo de ministros de 1921 a 1922 y de 1944 a 1945. Pre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bonomi — Bonomi,   Ivanoe, italienischer Politiker, * Mantua 18. 10. 1873, ✝ Rom 20. 4. 1951; seit 1909 Abgeordneter, war Sprecher des revisionistischen Flügels des Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI); gründete nach seinem Ausschluss aus dem PSI (1912) mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bonomi — (izg. bonȏmi), Ivanoe (1873 1951) DEFINICIJA talijanski političar i državnik; predsjednik vlade 1921 1922. koja se suprotstavljala fašizmu, vodeća ličnost koalicije antifašističkih stranaka 1942 1944, predsjednik vlade 1944 1945. i predsjednik… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ivanoe Bonomi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonomi. Ivanoe Bonomi Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bonomi — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrea Bonomi (1923–2003), italienischer Fußballspieler Beniamino Bonomi (* 1968), italienischer Kanute Carlo Bonomi (* 1937), italienischer Schauspieler und Synchronsprecher Giosuè Bonomi (* 1978),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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